Valuations/Appraisals - ANTIQUES.CO.UK

Have you got an seller account?

Login forgotten password
search now
    Antique Collecting
    Antiques Magazine with Iain Brunt
    Antiques You Tube Account

    Find Us On Facebook

    featured item


    19th century still life of flowers Read more

    Vintage Midcentury

    Start your Appraisal & Valuation here

    Appraisals and valuations from one of our expert valuers cost $15.00 / £14.40 (inc VAT). You can pay with any currency using your credit card, debit card or PayPal.. You can pay with a credit or debit card using our secure online payment partner.

    Item Details

    Please provide a short descriptive summary of what the item is

    Please select the best-fitting category that matches your item.

    Please enter a detailed description of your item. An accurate appraisal will be assisted by providing as much detail as possible.
    Please provide details of how you obtained the item, from whom and when. Additional detail such as family connections or history to the item is also pertinant.
    Please let us know of any marker's marks or signatures, as well as any damage to the item and/or previous restoration work that has been applied to the item.

    Please measure the item and provide width, height and depth (please indicate cm or inches), and include weight if relevant.

    Please send us photographs of your item.
    Photographs should be in JPG format.
    You should send a minimum of 4 photos.
    Please take a photo of the front, the back, both sides, the top and bottom.
    Also take close-up photographs of any damage, maker's marks or signatures, or notes on the backs of painting frames.
    Please also take photographs of any provenance documents you have in your possession, including receipts of sale, restoration details, etc.

    Videos: A great way to help get an accurate appraisal is for you to take a short video of the item, showing all sides and any stand-out features or marks. Feel free to add commentary to your video and then upload it to Youtube (free account with Youtube required). Once uploaded, copy the URL of the video and paste it into the box below:

    Your Details

    Terms and Conditions

    This website, including any subsite accessible within the site, (referred to collectively as 'the Site') is published and maintained by When you access, browse or use the Site you accept, without limitation or qualification, the terms and conditions set out below and any additional terms and conditions of use set out in any subsite.


    Copyright or similar rights in all design, text, graphics, the selection and arrangement thereof, and all software compilations, underlying source code, software (including applets) and all other material on the site is owned by or's content or technology providers. All rights reserved.
    You may view this website on your computer screen and print its contents on your printer for your personal and non-commercial use only. In addition, where so specifies on the website, you may download material and save it to disc again for your personal and non-commercial use only. Without the written consent of, you may not use, transfer, copy or reproduce any part of the content on the Site or its source HTML code in whole or in part, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical or otherwise, except for the sole purpose of viewing its contents. This includes electronic reproduction by uploading or downloading.
    You warrant that it is legal for you to view the Site in the jurisdiction to which you are subject. You are responsible for compliance with all laws of that jurisdiction, in viewing or using the content.

    Trade marks and the logo are either trademarks or registered trademarks of or its affiliated companies in the UK and/or other countries. Other products or company names referred to on the Site may be trademarks of their respective owners.

    The Site is provided on an 'as is' basis. To the fullest extent possible at law, and its content and technology providers hereby exclude any warranty, express or implied, as to the quality, accuracy, timeliness, completeness, performance or fitness for a particular purpose of the Site or any of its contents. Except as specifically stated on the Site, to the fullest extent permitted at law, will not be liable for any direct, indirect, consequential or incidental damage or loss of any kind (including, without limitation, loss of profits, business interruption, loss of or corruption to business information or data, damage to business equipment or assets or economic loss of any other form), however caused, arising in contract, tort or otherwise from the use of or inability to use the Site, or any of contents of the Site - including but not limited to the images and descriptions of product available from third parties which are available and can be viewed in the site - or for any claim by a third party. disclaims all warranties, express or implied, as to the accuracy, legality, reliability or validity of any images or descriptions of product offered by third parties within the site. For the avoidance of doubt, does not limit its liability for death or personal injury to the extent only that it arises as a result of the negligence of, its affiliates, directors, employees or other representatives. makes no warranty that either the contents of the Site or the server that makes the Site available are free from infection by viruses or anything else, which has contaminating or destructive properties.

    The Site contains links to other Internet sites on the World Wide Web. provides such links for your convenience only, and is not responsible for the content of any site linked to or from the Site. Links from the Site to any other site do not mean that approves of, endorses or recommends that site. disclaims all warranties, express or implied, as to the accuracy, legality, reliability or validity of the contents of any other site.

    Registration offers an automated registration request facility whereby commercial entities in the antiques industry ('Dealers') may request to appear and be listed on the site. Private individuals, collectors and institutions can also list items, for sale, subject to these terms. reserves the right to accept and process at its sole discretion the registration request of any dealer who has submitted a registration form. Submission of the registration form by a dealer is not a guarantee of acceptance. makes no warranties or guarantees about how quickly it will process submitted registration requests.

    Data Protection
    To the extent that any data supplied by you (such as your name, Email address, gender, age or preferences) while using the Site are personal (as defined in any relevant data protection legislation), such personal data will only be used by in accordance with European and UK national data protection laws for the time being in force.

    Use of Personal Data
    If requests any personal data and you provide the requested personal data, will store any personal data provided by you for the following purposes: to send out updates relating to activities, including but not limited to news, updates, special offers and information on the antiques industry in general, as described on the registration page; to identify users where and if a log in is required; to respond to specific enquires by you; and to gain a better understanding of the profile of users of the Site. You may withdraw your consent to receive updates at any time by using the notification methods explained to you at the time of giving your consent and which will be posted on the Site.

    Governing Law and general provisions
    The Site and these terms and conditions will be governed by English Law. The English courts will have exclusive jurisdiction over any disputes arising in relation thereto. If any part of these terms and condition is found void and unenforceable, it will not affect the validity of the balance of these terms and conditions, which shall remain valid and enforceable.

    Our service
    Our website facilitates an exciting and convenient way to buy and sell goods over the Internet and is operated by Limited ("the Company"). We provide an online facility vehicle through which traders can sell and customers can buy products ('the Services'). It is important that you read and understand these terms before using the Services. By accessing or using the Services, you agree to be legally bound by these terms, as they may be modified from time to time.
    We reserve the right to change these terms at any time. Amendments will take effect when posted on our website. However, the terms current as at the start of a particular transaction will apply until that transaction is completed.

    Our role
    Our website is a place for sellers to offer goods for sale and for customers to make offer to buy them. We do not have and never intend to have any contractual involvement in your transactions and at no stage auction, buy or sell or purport to auction, buy or sell any of the products displayed on our website. Any disputes between buyers and sellers are just that - we will not become involved. You must therefore take the utmost care to screen the parties with whom you deal. We will not screen the parties or goods on your behalf and this is a feature of the relationship between you and us that you willingly accept.

    You are required to register with us by completing the registration form on our home page and submitting it to us. Only adults (ie those aged 18 and over) are entitled to enter into legally binding contracts and as a result are the only people entitled to use the Services. Any other individuals who are unable to form legally binding contracts are also prohibited from using the Services. If you do not qualify, do not use the Services. By registering you are making a statement, upon which we are entitled to rely, that you are aged 18 years or older and capable of forming a legally binding contract.

    On occasions certain individuals and members will be refused access to the Services. Such suspensions shall be within our sole and absolute discretion.

    Information you provide
    You grant us a non-exclusive, world-wide, perpetual, irrevocable, royalty-free licence to use any information you provide to us or other users of our services, for example, during the registration, listing and selling process.

    Such information shall be legal, decent, honest and truthful, shall not infringe any third party's rights, shall not contain any viruses or other malicious computer programming routines and shall not link to any other websites. Without limiting the above, all information you provide shall be accurate and complete and all registration details shall contain your correct name, address, credit or debit card number and other requested details.

    You are solely responsible in all respects for all use of and for protecting the confidentiality of any email verification number and password which may be given to or selected by you for use on our site. You may not share these with or transfer them to any third parties. You must immediately notify us of any unauthorised use of them or any other breach of security regarding the Services.

    We use third party services to secure and protect your credit card information and assist your use of our website and the Services. However, any losses incurred or sustained by you in transmitting information shall be borne solely and exclusively by you and in no event shall any such losses in whole or in part be borne by us. If you are using a public computer, you must sign out when you have finished shopping.

    Under the Agreement, the Company shall provide a valuation service regarding the photograph of an object submitted by the Client.

    This service consists of giving an electronic estimate of the value of the object submitted which in the Company's opinion could be achieved if the object were to be sold without reserve on the open market at an auction with a reputable auctioneer after appropriate marketing.

    The Valuation does not take into account any sale expenses, commissions and taxes (including capital taxes, duties, excises, value added or sales tax) which might apply or become due on a sale or transport of the object.

    Unless otherwise stated in writing, the Valuation is based upon a preliminary inspection of the photograph of the item submitted and without any physical inspection, cleaning, restoration, detailed inspection or disassembly and without any research into the item's background or further tests and analysis.

    The Valuation is a statement of opinion and not fact.

    The Company gives no representation, warranty or guarantee in the Valuation in respect of an object's origin, provenance, attribution, condition, date, age or authenticity.

    The Company makes no representation or warranty in the Valuation that the object will realise the amount at which it is valued upon a contemporaneous or subsequent public or private sale.

    The Company does not warrant or represent in the Valuation that the object valued is safe, functioning or fit for the purpose for which it was intended.

    The Valuation shall remain the copyright of the Company and shall be prepared only for the Client and is not to be used by any other person, or disclosed to any third party (other than the Client's professional advisors) or reproduced or published in any form without the Company's prior written consent.

    The Client shall indemnify and keep indemnified for 21 years the Company and its affiliated companies, and its and their servants, employees and officers against all liabilities and expenses incurred by them as a result of any breach of the above commitment by Client or arising from related claims by third parties in connection with the Valuation.

    The Valuation may not be used for official or formal purposes such as (without limitation) in legal proceedings, insolvency or bankruptcy proceedings, divorces cases, for insurance purposes, or anything such like.

    The Valuation is provided at a given date (the date the Valuation is sent to the Client). The Client shall have a perpetual non-transferable licence to the Valuation subject to the Company's right to revoke or withdraw its Valuation.


    The Client shall pay the Price for the Valuation to the Company.

    The Client warrants to the Company that he is the owner of the object or is duly and properly authorised by the owner to have the object valued.

    The Client warrants that each object submitted for valuation is free from any third party interests, restrictions or claims whatsoever.

    The Client warrants that all material provided is owned by the Client or the Client has the right to use such material and provide it to the Company. The Client indemnifies the Company fully with respect to any breach of this warrant.

    The Client shall provide clear and accurate photos and provide full and accurate information about the object, such as already known authenticity issues, relevant location of the object, provenance, condition, condition issues, previous sales history and any other related information, in the possession or knowledge of the Client, his agents, employees, servants, advisers or his family.

    Where "family" in relation to a Client for the purposes of the Conditions of Business means the spouse or civil partner of the Client (including former spouse or civil partner), siblings (including step-siblings), parents (including step-parents), and children (including step- children and adopted children) of the Client or the Client's spouse or civil partner.

    The Client acknowledges the following statement.

    The Valuation is an estimate that is a matter of reasonable opinion and as such opinions as to value may differ.

    Particular circumstances affecting the value of an individual object may not be known or foreseeable at the time of the Valuation.

    Values can also fluctuate as a consequence of external circumstances such as (without limitation) changes in the prevailing market conditions for the object or changes in relevant scholarship.

    In addition, the preliminary nature of the valuation work carried out may mean that the identification, attribution and value of the object might be subject to change on further examination or research by experts at a later stage whether these are internal or external to the Company.

    Unless otherwise stated in writing, the Valuation only reflects an estimate, the inherent characteristics (visible from the photographs provided) of the object being valued and does not reflect the surrounding circumstances of the object being valued (such as, without limitation, the object's provenance or place in a wider collection, or the existence of several similar items available for sale at the same time).


    The Price shall be in accordance with the price list published on the Company's website at the time the item is submitted by you. The Price is inclusive of VAT. The Company reserves the right to revise prices at all time and to hold special offers and discounts at various times


    The Company shall not be liable for any deficiency (including but not limited to any omissions, mistakes, erroneous attributions, authenticity issues or inaccurate values) in the Valuation as a consequence of:

    External circumstances such as (without limitation) changes in the prevailing market conditions for the object, information not publicly available or changes in relevant scholarship;

    The surrounding circumstances of the object being valued (such as, without limitation, the object's provenance or place in a wider collection, or the existence of several similar items available for sale at the same time); failure to provided full and accurate information in the knowledge or possession of the Client, his agents, employees, servants, advisers or his family (see clause 5.5 of the Conditions of Business for the definition of family); and any other factors that cannot be identified by a reasonable inspection of the photographs received and information received by the Company (including but not limited to factors that can be identified only by a physical inspection of the object).

    Nothing in the Conditions of Business shall exclude or limit the Company's liability for: death or personal injury caused by negligence (as such term is defined by the Unfair Contract Terms Act 1977); or fraud; or misrepresentation as to a fundamental matter; or any liability which cannot be excluded or limited under applicable law.

    Availability of site
    While we will use our reasonable endeavours to make our Services and website available, we cannot guarantee that they will operate continuously or without interruptions. This could affect all aspects of any sale and purchase transaction.

    General rules governing buying
    To use and rely on the Services we provide, all participants must understand their obligations to other users of our Services. If you make an offer to buy an item listed on the website and the seller accepts your offer, you must complete the transaction.

    Your making of an offer entitles us and any seller to rely on such offer and as a result you warrant and undertake that you have the legal right to make such an offer and to enter into any such transaction.

    If you make an offer for an item listed on our website, you acknowledge and agree that if your offer is accepted by the seller, you have entered into a legally binding contract with the seller to buy that item. You can only terminate that contract in limited circumstances set out in law, for example where the item does not materially comply with the information provided in relation to it or where you cannot identify the seller. Sellers may refuse to accept your offer for whatever reason.

    With regard to returns and refunds, please read our Returns Policy. Your acceptance of these terms and conditions entitles us to assume you have read this Returns Policy. A refund will be granted for the subscription fee paid only for complete months paid and that limited receive in writing 10 days prior to the termination of the agreement a notice of cancellation.

    General rules governing listing and selling
    In relation to all goods you sell or offer for sale through the Services:

    you must be the absolute unencumbered legal owner with the right to sell those goods; and

    your sale or the use of the goods must not infringe any third party rights or be unlawful in any way and the goods must not be on our current Prohibited Items List.
    • No government documents or personal documents such as passports driving licenses of the owner or third parties
    • No weapons or ammunition unless they are over 50 years old
    • Prohibitive goods from other countries.
    • No items illustrating the Nazi Regime or have any association with that regime.
    • Recent regulations that have affected the sale of Ivory please confirm with your country regulations before listing such items.
    • No fake or counterfeit currency
    • No wild life
    • No items that have copyright unless copyright owned by the seller

    If selling, you must list all of your items in the correct category with accurate and appropriate descriptions and provide such information as we may request (together, 'the Listing Information'). All items must be over 25 years old unless otherwise approved by Once you post the Listing Information, the item becomes 'a Listed Item'. Once an item becomes a Listed Item, you are making an irrevocable offer to sell.

    Any seller who accepts an offer for a Listed Item is obliged to complete the sale of that item unless the buyer fails to meet the terms of the listing or the seller is unable to authenticate the identity of the buyer.

    A Listed Item will remain listed on the Site until:

    it is sold; or

    the seller-specified listed time expires; or

    we receive written notice via email from you that you wish to de-list it.
    A Listed Item will be de-listed on receipt by us of written notice via email from you that you wish to de-list it, but we will retain the registration fee paid with respect to that item.

    All sellers pay a registration fees for the use of our website and the Services in the amounts and in the manner specified from time to time in the Fee Schedule and we shall be entitled to charge interest on any late payment at a rate of 3% above Lloyds TSB Bank plc base rate until payment is received.

    All buyers must pay sellers for items using credit or debit cards, cheques or banker's drafts unless an alternative method is expressly agreed by the seller. Payments shall be received in the currency specified on the website and all prices are exclusive of VAT, and other applicable taxes, delivery charges and insurance.

    Buyers are responsible for any costs of delivery and any insurance costs.

    Some transactions may involve sellers shipping items to buyers located outside the United Kingdom or outside the territory in which the seller resides. Buyers and sellers alike must observe and comply with all applicable regulations and legislation, including obtaining all necessary cultural or customs permits. Further, the importation and exportation of some items may be prohibited by certain national laws.

    We make no representation and accept no liability whatsoever to any buyer or seller in respect of the issuance or validity of any exportation or importation permits or the existence and exercise of exportation or importation regulations or any compulsory purchasing regimes.

    Payment is �accepted on �a recurring basis by charging your debit/credit card that you provide us with. this payment will be taken each period that you select (quarterly or annually) from the date you activated your account� until such time that� the contract is terminated. The contract will be terminated from either parties �when received in writing giving a 28 days notice period. If you do not wish to pay monthly by continuous authority then we are able to charge you for 3 months by cheque.

    Privacy policy
    We take privacy issues seriously. Our current privacy policy covers our use of any information you provide. In using our Services you acknowledge and agree to be bound by the terms of our privacy policy.

    The Company has in its sole and absolute discretion the right to issue a warning, temporary suspension, or an indefinite suspension and termination of your rights to use the website or our Services if you:
    act inconsistently and in breach of these terms and conditions;

    at any time violate or attempt to violate any rights of any other user of the Services or third party;

    are engaged in any fraudulent activity; or

    fail to make any payments due to us in accordance with these terms.

    Should you wish to terminate you account with us. You must indicate to us in writing 28 days before we can close your account. A refund will be made of to the amount of 50% of the remaining credit balance of your account and sent to the account holder by cheque 14 days after the account is closed. The account holder is responsible for unsubscribing themselves from our automated news letter and emails which will delete them permanently from any of these notifications.

    Compliance with laws
    You agree to comply with all applicable laws, statutes and regulations concerning your use of our website and the Services.


    When and how you need to register your item or apply for an exemption certificate to deal in ivory.

    Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs and Animal and Plant Health Agency

    Dealing in items containing ivory or made of ivory

    You cannot deal in items containing or made of elephant ivory, unless they are registered as exempt or certified as exempt, under the Ivory Act 2018.

    References to ivory in this guidance mean ivory from an elephant.

    The Act does not apply to ivory items that you own if you have no intention to deal in them.

    The Act applies throughout the whole of the United Kingdom, including in Northern Ireland.

    If you break the law under the Ivory Act 2018 you face a maximum fine of £250,000 or 5 years' imprisonment.

    You cannot deal in items containing or made of elephant ivory, unless they are registered as exempt or certified as exempt, under the Ivory Act 2018.

    References to ivory in this guidance mean ivory from an elephant.

    The Act does not apply to ivory items that you own if you have no intention to deal in them.

    The Act applies throughout the whole of the United Kingdom, including in Northern Ireland.

    If you break the law under the Ivory Act 2018 you face a maximum fine of £250,000 or 5 years' imprisonment.

    The meaning of dealing

    You are dealing in ivory if you:

    •     buy, sell or hire it

    •     offer or arrange to buy, sell or hire it

    •     keep it for sale or hire

    •     export it from the UK for sale or hire

    •     import it into the UK for sale or hire

    You're also dealing in ivory if you cause or make it possible for someone else to deal in ivory, even if you're not directly involved in buying, selling, hiring, importing or exporting an ivory item yourself.

    Throughout the service and guidance, we use 'sell or hire out' when referring to all the ways you might be 'dealing in ivory'.

    Under the ban:

    •     'buying' includes acquiring ivory for valuable consideration, such as a trade or swap with something that has value, or for a discount in a store

    •     'selling' includes disposing of ivory for valuable consideration, such as a trade or swap with something that has value, or for a discount in a store

    •     'offering' includes advertising and inviting an offer, or displaying in a shop or gallery for sale

    Exemptions for dealing in ivory

    You can only deal in ivory items that are exempt from the ban.

    There are standard exemptions:

    •     musical instruments made before 1975 with less than 20% ivory by volume

    •     items made before 3 March 1947 with less than 10% ivory by volume

    •     portrait miniatures made before 1918 with a total surface area of no more than 320 square centimetres

    •     items a qualifying museum intends to buy or hire

    There is also an exemption for items made before 1918 that are of outstandingly high artistic, cultural or historical value.

    If you have an ivory item that you think falls into one of these exemption categories, you can use the declare ivory you intend to sell or hire out service to:

    •     check if your item qualifies for an exemption if you're not sure

    •     register a single item under a standard exemption

    •     apply for an exemption certificate for an item made before 1918 that is of outstandingly high artistic, cultural or historical value

    •     notify us that you intend to sell or hire out an item that has an exemption certificate that was awarded to someone else

    You can only deal in these items if your registration or application is successful.

    What you can do with ivory that is not exempt

    If you own ivory that is not exempt, you can:

    •     keep it for personal use

    •     give it away as a gift

    •     leave it to someone in your will

    •     lend it - provided that no payment, exchange or barter is involved

    You cannot sell or hire out any ivory you own that has not been registered or certified under any circumstances. If you're involved in arranging or facilitating an illegal sale, purchase or hire, you will be committing an offence under the Ivory Act 2018.

    Check if your item qualifies for exemption

    If your item qualifies for exemption, you must register it or apply for and be awarded an exemption certificate before you can deal in the item using the declare ivory you intend to sell or hire out service.

    If you need help deciding if your item may qualify for exemption, use the ivory item eligibility checker.

    If your item does not meet one of these exemption criteria, you must not deal in it.

    Check if ivory has been added

    Under all the exemptions, if any ivory has been added after the relevant date (1918, 1947 or 1975) it must have been taken from the elephant before 1975 and added only for the purposes of restoration.

    Check if your ivory items can be considered a set

    You can register or certify a set of objects as a single item if both the following apply:

    •     all the objects were produced at the same time with the intention of being kept and used together

    •     all the objects you are selling or hiring out were part of the same original set

    Examples include:

    •     a teapot with an ivory knob that is part of a tea set

    •     a dagger with an ivory handle that comes with a sheath

    Assess age

    To assess the age of an ivory item, you need to demonstrate that it was made or existed before a certain date.

    You can do this by:

    •     getting evidence of the item's provenance

    •     having its age verified by an expert

    •     getting it radiocarbon dated

    You do not need to use all 3 of these methods to assess age.

    Evidence of provenance could include:

    •     an original dated receipt or bill to show when it was manufactured, sold or repaired

    •     a dated catalogue, newspaper article or published article containing photographs or detailed descriptions of the item

    •     a date mark on the item

    •     information known by the owner or another person, for example, that the owner inherited the item before the relevant date

    An expert who can provide written verification of the item's date could include:

    •     a person with expertise or relevant qualifications such as an antiques specialist, museum curator or arts specialist recognised by a relevant trade association, representative body or similar organisation

    •     a person involved in the associated commercial use of the item if they have the relevant expertise

    Assess percentage volume

    To register for the 'less than 10% by volume' exemption or the 'musical instrument less than 20% by volume' exemption, you need to assess the percentage volume of your item.

    To assess the percentage volume of an ivory item, you need to consider how much of the item's total content is made from ivory. For example, a piece of furniture may be made of ivory, wood and other materials.

    The percentage volume is the percentage that the ivory content makes up of the total volume of all these materials. A set of objects can be considered a single item.

    You should not include any empty spaces or voids when you assess the total volume.

    If you cannot find out if there are voids without damaging the item, you can use any knowledge you have about similar items. You do not need to damage items to assess the percentage volume.

    To assess the percentage volume, you can:

    •     judge by eye, if it is clear that the ivory content of the item is less than the percentage allowed - for example, a large piece of wooden furniture with a single small ivory plate around a keyhole (an escutcheon)

    •     take measurements and use a formula to work out the volume

    For items with ivory inlay (thin pieces of ivory on the surface of an object), it may be difficult to work out how deep the ivory goes. You can measure the surface area of the ivory inlays as a proportion of the total surface area of the object. However, even if the ivory inlay surface area is more than 10% of the total surface area, if the inlay is shallow its percentage volume may still be less than 10% of the total item.

    Some examples of common items and their ivory percentage volume:

    •     a standard piano with ivory keys would likely meet the 'less than 20% volume' condition for the musical instrument exemption - however, if the piano has any other ivory parts, other than the keys, it may not qualify so you need to measure and include all the ivory content in the assessment

    •     a piece of furniture with a small amount of ivory inlay would likely meet the 10% volume condition of the 'less than 10% ivory by volume' exemption

    •     a piece of ivory-handled cutlery is unlikely to meet the 10% volume condition of the 'less than 10% ivory by volume' exemption

    •     a chess set containing ivory chess pieces is unlikely to meet the 10% volume condition of the 'less than 10% ivory by volume' exemption

    You may not be able to find out the exact percentage volume of ivory, for example, if the item is an irregular shape or if the depth of ivory inlay is difficult to determine. However, it is your responsibility to assess the item and take reasonable care to reach a conclusion about its percentage ivory volume.

    Check if ivory is integral to your item

    For standard exemption items made before 3 March 1947 with less than 10% by volume, the item will only be exempt if all the ivory is integral. This means the ivory cannot be removed from the item without difficulty or without damaging the item.

    Integral ivory includes components designed to be detachable from the item, if without that component the item could no longer function as intended. An example of integral ivory is a detachable ivory knob from a measuring instrument.

    Integral ivory would not include an ivory statue that has been temporarily mounted on a plinth.

    Check if your item meets the portrait miniature exemption

    A portrait miniature is typically a portrait painted on a thin sheet of ivory. The term 'portrait miniature' comes from the technique used to create them and not its size.

    Portrait miniatures were mainly made to be worn or carried on a person, and could be incorporated into a wide range of items such as jewellery or snuff boxes.

    To qualify for this exemption the item must:

    •     be a portrait miniature made before 1918

    •     have a total visible surface area that is no more than 320 square centimetres

    You can check examples of portrait miniatures that may qualify under the portrait miniature exemption in the Explanatory Notes to the Ivory Act 2018 (section 6, page 16).

    A portrait miniature's main subject matter may show one or more persons or animals. The people or animals may also be representations of gods, religious deities or mythical beings. The painting could also:

    •     show the subject matter in full - it does not need to be limited to just the head and upper body

    •     include other details which are not the painting's subject matter, such as a tree, chair, watercourse or other mythical beings

    •     be on both sides of the ivory, as long as it meets all the other exemption criteria

    If your item has more than one portrait miniature on it, you might not be able to register it under the standard portrait miniature exemption.

    You might need to:

    •     register it as a set or group under the portrait miniature exemption

    •    register or certify it under one of the other exemptions

    If your portrait miniature has an ivory frame that is integral and original to the item it may be considered as part of the portrait miniature. This means you can register the portrait miniature with the ivory frame as a single item under this exemption.

    If the ivory frame is not integral and original then your portrait miniature cannot meet this exemption.

    If there is any other ivory on your item, it cannot meet this exemption.

    However, your item may be capable of meeting one of the other exemptions.

    Assess the surface area for portrait miniatures

    The total visible surface area of the portrait miniature must be no more than 320 square centimetres for this exemption to apply.

    You can use formulas for different shapes, such as squares and circles, to calculate the surface area of your item.

    You can convert an area that's calculated in square inches into square centimetres by multiplying it by 6.45.

    Do not include the portrait miniature's frame or any part covered by the frame in your calculation.

    Qualifying museums exemption

    This exemption applies to selling or hiring ivory items to qualifying museums.

    The museum buying or hiring the item must be a member of the International Council of Museums or accredited by or on behalf of one of the following:

    •     Arts Council England

    •     Scottish Ministers

    •     Northern Ireland Museums Council

    •     the Welsh Government

    More information can be found within the Arts Council's list of Accredited Museums.

    If the item is owned by a qualifying museum and is being acquired by another qualifying museum, the item does not need to be registered or certified before being sold or hired.

    If the item is being sold or hired out to a qualifying museum by anyone other than a qualifying museum, it must be registered through the Declare ivory you intend to sell or hire out service.

    Register an item under a standard exemption

    To register an item under a standard exemption you must:

    1.   Add up to 6 photos of the item and include a photo of the whole item and any distinguishing features, including where the ivory is.

    2.   Describe the item and how it meets the exemption criteria.

    3.   Provide contact details.

    4.   Declare that the item in your opinion meets the relevant exemption criteria.

    5.   Pay an administration fee of £20.

    After registering an item, you'll be emailed a unique registration number for each item you register. Keep a record of this number as soon as you receive it so you can match it to your item or items later on.

    If the Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA) believes the item does not meet the exemption criteria, you will be told if your registration has been cancelled or revoked.

    Each time an item is sold or hired out under the standard exemptions, the owner or applicant will need to make a new registration and pay the registration fee.

    Group registration

    You can register multiple items under a standard exemption and pay a reduced administration fee, if all the following apply:

    •     you're selling or hiring out 3 or more items up to a maximum of 20 items

    •     all the items form part of the same transaction, being sold or hired out to the same person

    •     each item in the group individually meets the same exemption, for example, a group of pre-1918 portrait miniatures

    The cost of registering a group of items is £50.

    If you have a group of items that you think meet this set of criteria, you need to get an application form and tell us which exemption you plan to apply for by emailing

    Register an item or apply for an exemption certificate on someone else's behalf

    You can register an item or apply for an exemption certificate on someone else's behalf.

    You need the owner's permission, and you will need to provide their name and address. You should also provide the owner's email address if it's available.

    Importing or exporting ivory

    You cannot import or export an ivory item to or from the UK for sale or hire, unless you:

    •    register or certify the item as exempt

    •    complete the necessary import or export customs declarations and paperwork

    For more information on how to complete customs declarations, follow guidance to see which commodity codes fall under the ban on dealing in ivory.

    CITES obligations: trading in endangered species

    Elephants and their ivory are listed by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).

    So if you plan to import, export or re-export an ivory item that falls under the Ivory Act 2018, you must check if you also need a CITES permit or a commercial use certificate.

    This includes if you move CITES specimens between Great Britain (England, Scotland and Wales) and the EU, and Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

    You must register or certify your item as exempt under the Ivory Act before making your CITES application.

    If the ivory item you want to import or export is for personal use only, you do not need to register it under the Ivory Act, but you may still need to apply for a CITES permit.

    If you plan to use an ivory specimen for commercial purposes you must check if you need a commercial use certificate, also known as an Article 10 certificate. This may be needed for an ivory specimen you plan to:

    •     use for commercial gain in any way

    •     keep to sale

    •     offer for sale

    •     transport for sale

    •     display to the public for commercial purposes

    What is an offence under the ivory ban

    It is an offence to:

    •     breach the ban

    •     cause the ban to be breached

    •     facilitate a breach of the ban

    Causing or facilitating the ban to be breached includes doing something that helps someone else to deal illegally in ivory.

    For example, a dealer in the UK might distribute a catalogue that includes an unregistered ivory item for sale online. The dealer would be committing the offence of facilitating a sale whether or not the sale was to take place in the UK.

    In another example, an ivory dealer in the UK might act in a sale arrangement taking place outside the UK. The dealer would be committing the offence of causing or facilitating the sale. If the sale, or any element of it, took place in the UK then both the buyer and the seller, as well as the dealer, would also be committing an offence.

    What is not an offence under the ivory ban

    It is not illegal to sell, hire or buy ivory if:

    •     all parties to the transaction and anyone involved in the transaction are outside the UK

    •     the item is outside the UK

    •     there is no advertising of the item in the UK

    •     the sale takes place outside the UK

    However, as some countries have made ivory dealing illegal, a sale in another country may be illegal under that country's law.

    If you sell, hire or buy through the UK, or any part of the transaction happens in the UK, the item must be registered or certified as exempt. For example, if the item:

    •     is advertised on a website or media accessible from or available in the UK

    •     is displayed in a shop, gallery or exhibition in the UK as available for sale or hire

    •     will move into or out of the UK for purposes of sale or hire

    It is the responsibility of anyone intending to be involved in a sale or purchase of an ivory item to find out if the item contains or is made of elephant ivory. If the item does contain or is made of ivory, it will be assumed to be elephant ivory unless you can prove otherwise.

    If you buy an ivory item, you, as well as the seller, are responsible for checking that it can be lawfully sold or hired out. Read the guide to buy or hire an ivory item.

    If you breach the ban you could face enforcement action and civil sanctions under the Ivory Act 2018.

    If you started a transaction before 6 June 2022

    There was a transition period for transactions in ivory items that started before 6 June 2022.

    If you started a transaction before 6 June 2022 you had until 3 July 2022 to complete it, without needing to register or apply for an exemption certificate.

    If your transaction was not completed by 3 July 2022, you needed to pause it and either:

    •    register or apply for an exemption certificate for items that meet the exemption criteria

    •     cancel the transaction entirely

    You could not continue your transaction until you had a registration or exemption certificate.

    General release
    As discussed, we act merely as an introductory service providing a forum allowing sellers and buyers to come together, the former to list and sell items and the latter to make offers to buy them and to buy them.

    Therefore we have no control whatsoever over the quality, legality or safety of any advertised items or of any other characteristics upon which a buyer may rely, the accuracy of any of the listings and the capacity of any seller or any buyer to transact.

    Consideration should always be given to the nature of Internet transactions and the risks involved. You may never meet or speak to the other party to the transaction and, as a result, you must proceed with care and judgment when using the Services.

    In recognition of the above, you waive any claim you may have against us that is in any way connected with a dispute you have with another user of our Services and website and you agree to fully and effectively indemnify us for any losses or liability we suffer as a result of any claim against us by another user or any other third party as a result of your such use or in relation to your dealings with such other user or third party. This waiver and indemnity shall not apply in the event of any fraud or wilful misconduct by us.

    Your acceptance of these terms and conditions also acts as a general release of the Company and any of its subsidiaries (and all of their officers, directors, agents and employees) from any liability for any claims, loss, and damages (both direct and indirect, including loss of profits, goodwill and business opportunity) arising out of or in any way connected to your use of the Services and our website.

    In addition, we make no representations or warranties about the accuracy, completeness or suitability for any purpose of the information and related graphics published on our website. From time to time our site may contain technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. All liability of the Company howsoever arising for any such inaccuracies or errors is expressly excluded to the fullest extent permitted by law.

    Notwithstanding the foregoing, nothing in these terms and conditions is intended to limit any rights you might have as a consumer under applicable local law or other statutory rights that may not be excluded nor in any way to exclude or limit our liability to you for any death or personal injury resulting from our negligence.

    Trade marks
    The Company is the sole owner of the website, the domain name and the brand and all associated logos. All other trade marks, product names and company names or logos cited herein are the property of their respective owners. No permission is given by the Company in respect of the use of any such brand names, product names or titles or copyrights and such use may constitute an infringement of the holder's rights.

    Except as otherwise stated, any notices you wish to send to us should be e-mailed to Any notices that we may wish to draw to your attention will be displayed on our website.

    Applicable law
    Each and every transaction carried out on or as a result of the Services is deemed to be completed within the United Kingdom and therefore shall be governed by and interpreted in accordance with English law. The terms of this charter (and any dispute, controversy, proceedings or claim of whatever nature in relation to them) shall be governed and interpreted in accordance with English law and the English courts shall have exclusive jurisdiction in relation thereto.

    Events beyond our control
    The Company will not be in breach of this agreement or otherwise liable for any delay in performance if to the extent that any delay or failure is due to the circumstances beyond its reasonable control and including, without limitation, strikes, lock-outs and other industrial disputes, breakdown of systems or network access, flood, fire, explosion or accident.

    If any part of the terms of this charter is unenforceable (including any provision in which we exclude our liability to you) the enforceability of any other part of these conditions will not be affected.

    Entire agreement
    This agreement, together with any document expressly referred to within its provisions, contains the entire agreement between us relating to the subject matter covered and supersedes any previous agreements, arrangements, undertakings or proposals, written or oral, between us in relation to such matters or any statements made to you by any person, including (without limitation) any of our employees or agents. Save for fraud or fraudulent misrepresentation, we shall have no liability for any such representation being untrue or misleading.

    Our address Ltd
    3rd Floor,
    45 Albemarle Street,
    W1S 4JL
    United Kingdom

    This address is our company-registered address only. NO ITEMS, ANTIQUES OR WORKS OF ART ARE HELD OR DISPLAYED AT THESE PREMISES.